2017 | AFC ACCOMPLISHMENTS 110 Laser-driven neutron sources have the potential to bring LANSCE-like pulsed neutron characterization capabilities to irradiation sites such as ATR at a fraction of the investment and operation cost and providing an excellent tool to characterize irradiated fuels. characterization.The report covers for the first time the basics of high power lasers, particle acceleration, neutron production from the accel- erated particles and the demonstra- tions of the technique thus far. In a laser-driven neutron source the laser is used to accelerate deuterium ions into a beryllium target where neutrons are produced (Figure 1). At this time, the technology is new and their total neutron production is approximately four orders of magni- tude less than a facility like LANSCE. However, recent measurements on a sub-optimized system demon- strated >10E10 neutrons in sub- nanosecond pulses in predominantly forward direction.The compactness of the target system (1cm diameter, 1 cm length) compared to a spall- ation target (10 cm diameter, 20 cm length) may allow exchanging the target during a measurement to e.g. characterize a highly radioactive sample with thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons as well as hard X-rays, thus avoiding sample handling. Furthermore, a spallation target emits neutrons isotropically, while the neutrons produced by deuteron break-up reactions using a laser a predominantly traveling forward.This insight allows to embed the laser neutron target into